Most of the people abusing dextromethorphan or DXM are young people, in part because it is a legal drug, available to anyone of any age across the US. Only California is an exception, as they have passed legislation that cold medication containing dextromethorphan can't be sold to minors. Alaska has similar legislation pending.
There are three kinds of effects that one can see when a person abuses dextromethorphan. There's the kind of effects that the drug itself brings about, there's the effects that are caused by the other ingredients commonly found in these formulas, and there's the effects of an addictive lifestyle on one's behavior and personality.
Parents and others who supervise teens should be alert to notice any of the following effects of Dextromethorphan abuse:
- Disorientation and confusion
- Dizziness or loss of coordination
- Stomach spasms
- Slow, labored breathing
- Muscle twitches
- Intoxication symptoms such as slurred speech
- Fast heart rate
- Loss of sense perceptions
- Loss of memory
- Inability to focus
- Itchy skin
- Numb extremities
Other ingredients common to cough medication - acetaminophen, guaufenesin, or chlorpheniramine:
- Liver damage or failure
- Loss of coordination
- Speeded heart rate
Effects of addictive lifestyle, especially for young people:
- Depression, negative moods
- Staying away from former friends who are sober
- Avoiding family members
- Changes in activities, abandoning former hobbies or clubs
- Hiding out in his (or her) room with the door locked
- Antagonism and secretive behavior
- Lower grades
- Behavior problems in school
By watching for any of these effects, a parent or other loved one can get clues as to a change from a sober lifestyle to a drug-using one. But if drug abuse has continued for an extended time, a person may not be able to stop using those drugs when they want to.
Addiction exists when a person is driven to abuse a substance because of cravings, and when they will experience withdrawal symptoms when they quit using the drug. Tolerance is another effect created by addiction - this means that it takes more and more of the drug to create the effect the drug user desires.
It is hard to overdose on this drug because a big enough dose to kill normally causes vomiting that eliminates the drug from the system before it can be absorbed. Deaths that involve DXM either result from a mix of DXM and other drugs or from an accident or injury related to the drug use. For example, a fourteen-year-old Colorado boy was killed when he tried to cross a highway while high on DXM. It was thought that his perceptions of how fast the cars were going may have been damaged by the drug.
The number of young people being taken to emergency rooms for problems with DXM abuse have been increasing sharply. Between 2004 and 2010, that number increased 70%. In 2008, about 8,000 people were hospitalized for problems related to DXM effects.
Formulations that Contain Dextromethorphan:
- Robitussin DM
- Rondec DM
- Benylin DM
- Tylenol Cold
- Dimetapp DM
- St. Joseph Cough Suppressant
- Alka-Seltzer Plus Cold and Cough
These products may be mixed with liquid drinks. Colored candies like Skittles may be added to give the drink more color and flavor, spurring the nickname "Skittling" for abuse of this kind of drug.
Another problem that may result from DXM abuse is that a young person may start abusing this drug because it is easy to get and then may progress on to other, more dangerous drugs like prescription painkillers.
When a person becomes addicted to a drug like dextromethorphan, there can be cravings for the drug that compel use even if the drug user sees the damage being experienced. When this happens, a person may need the support of an effective drug rehabilitation program to get clean. The Narconon drug and alcohol rehabilitation program has been helping people recover from addiction for more than forty-five years.
The rehab program offered at a Narconon center provides a long-term solution to addiction. It takes longer than the 28 days of many rehab programs to overcome the damage that addiction does and build a sober life. It takes learning new life skills and recovering the personal integrity that is lost during addiction. The Narconon program offers all this and a special detoxification action that helps with cravings. The Narconon New Life Detoxification Program, one phase of the overall addiction recovery program, enables the body to flush out old drug toxins that can contribute to cravings and depress one's mood. Once they are gone, clearer thinking and a better outlook result.
Learn more about this innovative drug rehabilitation program and how it can help someone you care about by calling 1-800-775-8750 today.