Amphetamine is a strong stimulant that has been used medically for situations when a person needs to be more alert, as in narcolepsy, a health problem that causes a person to fall asleep at any time. It has also been given to pilots and soldiers to keep them awake and alert for long hours. It does its job in these situations, but the side effects of this drug can be dangerous and damaging.
Amphetamine can be given orally, can be snorted or given intravenously. Symptoms of use will show up immediately if it is injected, within 3-5 minutes if it is snorted and within 15-20 minutes if it is ingested.
There is a long list of the signs that show up when this drug is used medically or when it is abused. Many of them are typical of any stimulant use.
Signs and Symptoms of Amphetamine Abuse include:
- Increased body temperature
- Increased blood pressure
- Dry mouth
- Faster breathing
- Dilated pupils
- Increased energy and alertness
- Decreased fatigue
- Decreased appetite
Before amphetamine's addictive problems were known about, this drug was used for weight control, depression, nasal congestion, even hangovers. It was an inexpensive, long-lasting solution to a number of problems. It has been sold as Desoxyn, Benzedrine, Adderall, DextroStat and Dexedrine.
After World War II, civilian use of amphetamines increased, and another form of the drug, methamphetamine - easily produced in small domestic labs - also hit the market. As more people used these two forms of the drugs, its addictiveness and other problems began to be obvious.
In addition to the symptoms of use listed above, less desirable symptoms of Amphetamines became noticeable, including:
- Cardiovascular system failure
- Irregular heart beat
- Reduction of social inhibitions
- Altered sexual behavior
- Blurred vision
- Chest pain
- Unrealistic ideas of personal ability and power
- Skin disorders
- Amphetamine-caused psychosis
Some people who abused this drug would wear themselves out with amphetamine binges where they would continually abuse the drug, not sleeping or eating for as long as a week. Then they would collapse. By repeating this pattern, amphetamine abusers - sometimes referred to as "speed freaks" - would suffer severe damage to their health.
A person who has been abusing amphetamine for a long period is likely to be severely malnourished, and be suffering serious mental effects from the drug use. When he stops using amphetamine, he is going to experience the symptoms of the damage that was created. While he continued to abuse the drug, those symptoms were concealed but will show up strongly as soon as the stimulant is gone. Thus withdrawal can be characterized by depression, anxiety and extreme fatigue.
It is very likely that the recovering addict will suffer sharp, intense cravings for more of the drug. For this reason, it is a very good idea for a person to have professional support when coming off amphetamine.
Another reason for professional support is that the mental aspects of withdrawal can be serious and dangerous. A person may suffer hallucinations, delusions and aggressive or violent behaviors as he (or she) comes off the drug.
When a person chooses a Narconon drug and alcohol rehabilitation center for recovery from amphetamine addiction, the withdrawal process is eased by the program's unique and innovative techniques. First, each person is supported with generous nutritional supplementation. Those abusing any drug, but amphetamine or methamphetamine in particular, are likely to be severely deficient in usual nutrients. When nutritional supplements are given around the clock, this helps the body suffer fewer effects of withdrawal. Each person is given gentle assists that help relax the mind and body and put everything in a more positive light.
The person who wishes to have a new sober life can achieve that goal at any one of fifty Narconon centers around the world. After withdrawal, the Narconon program guides each person through an intensive detoxification phase called the Narconon New Life Detoxification Program. With time in a sauna, moderate daily exercise and a strict nutritional regimen, each person flushes old drug residues out of the fatty tissues of the body where it tends to become stored. As these traces of old drug use are eliminated, each person can see the freshness that existed before drug use come back. Most people talk about how their cravings reduce and some even say they are gone.
As the cravings depart, a person begins to think more clearly. This means that they can begin to address the damage they have done to themselves with their drug abuse. One loses personal integrity and feels guilt over the harm done to loved ones. The ability to say no to drugs is often gone and there are troublesome people in one's past who could make more trouble in the future. To stay sober, it is necessary to recover one's self respect and learn the skills needed to make the correct decision in each situation one encounters.
The later phases of the Narconon program address these necessary skills and recoveries. It takes longer than the 28 days of some rehab program to restore one's peace of mind and learn these skills. That's why the Narconon program has no set time limit. Each person recovers at his (or her) own rate.
Find out why this may be the last rehab program you or a loved one will ever need. Learn all about the Narconon drug recovery program by calling 1-800-775-8750 today.
See also Effects of Amphetamines